Research Ethics

PAPRSB Institute of Health Sciences is committed to facilitating excellent research, which encompasses a rigorous and independent ethical review process. The Institute of Health Sciences Research Ethics Committee (IHSREC) requires that all research involving human participants, personal data or material to be subjected to formal ethical review in which the ethics committee will assess the submitted research proposal. IHSREC expects all researchers embarked on research involving human participants, personal data or material to consider the ethical risks of their research work, to act in an ethical manner when engaged on University business, to conduct research activities to the highest ethical standards, and in case of doubt, to seek appropriate advice.

IHSREC works on research ethics closely with the Medical and Health Research Ethics Committee (MHREC) of the Brunei Darussalam Ministry of Health and the University Research Ethics Committee (UREC) of Universiti Brunei Darussalam.

Research conducted by faculty staff must be recommended by IHSREC before endorsement by MHREC/UREC.

Research conducted by faculty students should be submitted to IHSREC or the joint committee of IHSREC and MHREC.

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published 28/05/2019

last updated 29/08/2020

Frequently Asked Questions

Submission Deadlines

Ethics applications which are completed and have been submitted before the deadline will be reviewed during the committee review meeting.

All hardcopies are to be submitted by hand in a file to the IHS Admin Office on Tuesdays between 14:00-16:00.

Documents for Ethical Approval Application

  1. Checklist for Submission of Ethics Application (revised August 2020) [docx]
  2. UREC Form RE01
  3. Researcher CV Template [docx]
  4. Risk Assessment Forms
  5. Supervisor Approval Form [docx] FOR STUDENT PROJECTS ONLY

Document Samples

  1. Participant Information Sheet (in English) [docx]
  2. Consent Form (in English) [docx]
  3. Consent Form (in Malay) [docx]

The examples above are for illustrative purposes only, and all applicants should tailor documents to meet ethical requirements.

Verified Risk Assessment (Example for Staff)

Staff evidence of verified risk assessment in RPRA Section C (submit this only to IHSREC)
Deadline to Submit to IHSRECIHSREC Meeting Dates
no meeting in Decemberno meeting in December
24-Feb-2021 (Wed)09-Mar-2021
no meeting in Juneno meeting in June

Verified Risk Assessment (Example for Student)

Student evidence of verified risk assessment in ABRA (submit this only to IHSREC)
Deadline to Submit to MHRECMHREC Meeting Dates
no meeting in Decemberno meeting in December
no meeting in April  no meeting in April
no meeting in Decemberno meeting in December

Ethics Review Process for Staff & Student Applications

(also available on myUBD Staff Portal under file name "Workflow - Research Ethic Application")

To navigate from page to page or to use the zoom options, hover the mouse over the page (or click on the page), and the menu will appear at the bottom edge of the page.

Ethics Review Processes (Updated 21.11.19)

Tips to Minimising Time to Obtain Ethical Approval

All studies require a brief summary of what is proposed. Our interest is in areas of your objectives and methodology where ethical issues may arise, so please focus your detail on areas such as recruitment, consent, describing your participants and the nature of their involvement, and data handling.

The research study protocol should sufficiently detail about aspects of potential concern to the ethical review process. Therefore, please explain processes and procedures in the study planned. It might be helpful to provide an overview of the ethical issues as you see them, and steps you are taking to obviate ethical risks, as far as possible.

Issues of key interest in undertaking ethical review are:

  • informing participants about the purpose, methods and use of the research
  • obtaining consent from participants
  • obtaining permission and approval from relevant authorities and stakeholders
  • protecting the dignity, rights, safety and well-being of participants
  • highlighting potential for distress to the participants, as a consequence of research enquiry, and providing advice and/or support in such cases
  • safeguarding the anonymity and privacy of participants
  • explaining process of withdrawal from research for participants and arrangement for such cases
  • protecting the confidentiality of information relating to participants
  • ensuring compliance with data protection
  • ensuring participant safety, both physical and psychological
  • ensuring researcher safety, both physical and psychological
  • protecting researchers, particularly those conducting research off campus
  • protecting the reputation of the University

In the case of practice-based research, ensuring participants are clear about the distinction between practitioner and researcher roles, and that only information stated as to be collected for the research study will be available to researchers. Similarly, there should be clarity as to whether information collected for the research study will be shared with practitioners/authorities, where applicable.